Threating melanoma by photo-thermal therapy and nano-materials is more efficient than chemo

Scientists from National Tsing Hua University in Taiwan demonstrated in their latest research published in the Biomaterials journal that combination of nano-sized graphene oxide and low dose photo-thermal therapy have double the life expectancy of mice treated with doxorubicin.

Cancer is one of the major life-threatening diseases among human beings. Developing a simple, cost-effective and biocompatible approach to treat cancers using ultra-low doses of light is a grand challenge in clinical cancer treatments.

melanoma nanoIn their study, they report that for the first time nano-sized graphene oxide (GO) exhibits single-photon excitation wavelength dependent photoluminescence in the visible and short near-infrared (NIR) region, suitable for in vivo multi-color fluorescence imaging and also demonstrate in both in vitro and in vivo experiments that nano GO can sensitize the formation of singlet oxygen to exert combined nanomaterial-mediated photodynamic therapeutic (NmPDT) and photothermal therapy (NmPTT) effects on the destruction of B16F0 melanoma tumors in mice using ultra-low doses (∼0.36 W/cm2) of NIR (980 nm) light.

melanomaThe average half-life span of the mice treated by the GO-PEG-folate-mediated NmPDT effects is beyond 30 days, which is ∼1.8 times longer than the mice treated with doxorubicin (17 days)

Overall, this study points out a successful example of using GO-PEG-folate nanocomposite as a theranostic nanomedicine to exert simultaneously in vivo fluorescent imaging as well as combined NmPDT and NmPTT effects for clinical cancer treatments